Genomics transcriptomics and beyond pdf


Omics aims at the collective characterization and quantification of pools genomics transcriptomics and beyond pdf biological molecules that translate into the structure, function, and dynamics of an organism or organisms. It combines different -omics techniques such as transcriptomics and proteomics with saturated mutant collections.

Greek suffix forming abstract nouns. For example, the MRC centre carried out the first genome and proteome projects. Study of the relationship of genome structure and function across different biological species or strains. Study of genetic influences on the development and function of the nervous system.

Branch of genomics concerned with the sequencing and analysis of the genome of an individual. Once the genotypes are known, the individual’s genotype can be compared with the published literature to determine likelihood of trait expression and disease risk. Study of the complete set of epigenetic modifications on the genetic material of a cell, known as the epigenome. ChIP-Chip and ChIP-Seq technologies used. Large-scale study of pathways and networks of lipids. Mass spectrometry techniques are used.

Large-scale study of proteins, particularly their structures and functions. Nutriproteomics: Identifying the molecular targets of nutritive and non-nutritive components of the diet. An emerging field of biological research at the intersection of proteomics and genomics. Proteomics data used for gene annotations. Study of 3-dimensional structure of every protein encoded by a given genome using a combination of experimental and modeling approaches.

RNA, rRNA, tRNA, and other non-coding RNA, produced in one or a population of cells. Study of transcriptomes, their structures and functions. Scientific study of chemical processes involving metabolites. A science studying the relationship between human genome, nutrition and health. Study of the effects of foods and food constituents on gene expression. Process of applying the powerful tools of genomics and proteomics to achieve a better understanding of the biological substrates of normal behavior and of diseases of the brain that manifest themselves as behavioral abnormalities.